GATE Exam ECE syllabus for free download pdf

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gate syllabusGate is the one of the most competitive exam in India to took PG-M.tech or M.S or Phd admission in top most colleges like IIT,NIT,Top universities,Bits pilani and it also useful for PSU’S jobs… here I am giving latest GATE 2014 exam syllabus for ece

 

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS:

Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson,Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Transform Theory: Fourier transform,Laplace transform, Z-transform.

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

Networks: Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Norton’s maximum power transfer, Wye-Delta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations; time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, Solution of network equations usingLaplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks.

 

Electronic Devices: Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers.p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-I-n and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASERs. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process.

 

Analog Circuits: Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier.Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage, differential and operational, feedback, and power. Frequency response of amplifiers.Simple op-amp circuits. Filters. Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and op-amp configurations.Function generators and wave-shaping circuits, 555 Timers. Power supplies.

 

Digital circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, PROMs and PLAs. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs. Semiconductor memories. Microprocessor(8085): architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing.

 

Signals and Systems: Definitions and properties ofLaplace transform, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform, DFT and FFT, z-transform. Sampling theorem. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay. Signal transmission through LTI systems.

 

Control Systems: Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation, elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems.

 

Communications: Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers, bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA and GSM.

 

Electromagnetics: Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl; Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems, Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cut-off frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain.

 

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HAL MT-2013 Electronics written exam paper statistical analysis

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hal syllabus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HAL MT 2013 electronics Written exam paper statistics:

 

    Name of the Subject   No. of Questions Given             Main topics

Analog Electronics

 

22

Op-amps,power amplifiers, feedback amplifiers, oscillators, amplifiers(low and high frequency)
electronics devices and circuits

7

Mosfet,FET,diode,clippers,clampers
Control systems

15

Rout locus,bodeplot, compensators,stability, nyquist criteria, transfer function calculations
Signals and systems

16

laplace transform,z-transform, fourier transform, causal,linearity,
Digital electronics

8

K-map, flipflops, combination ciruits, number systems
Electromagnetic theory and transmission lines

10

Electric fields, magnetic fields, wave propagation, equations, Transmission lines
Circuit Network analysis

6

nodal analysis, two port networks, transients, theorems
Microprocessor

3

8085
Logic families

2

TTL, ECl, CMOS,MOS..
Analog and digital communications

4

AM,FM, power calculations, PCM, delta modulation
Antennas

1

 
Mathematics

6

Limits,probability,residues, matrices, newton rapshon methods.

 

HAL MT Electronics syllabus and previous papers

 

 

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Safe and Secure Jobs for freshers in State, Central Government and Public sectors

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secure ece jobs

I got so many mails about different jobs for fresher's in state and central government, Employment in the private sector is considered financially more attractive. But most youngsters and their parents are not aware that employment in government and public sectors is more accessible to all in a constitutionally mandated non-discriminatory framework.  Even if they are aware of these opportunities, they do not have ready and convenient access to the eligibility criteria and entrance procedures and requirements for seeking employment opportunities in government and public sector organizations.

Recently I found a good eBook which covers all the information's about state and central government opportunities. In that book they said about the different opportunities available to all field of education like engineering,commerce,medicine etc.. and also they cover what are the entrance exams we need to write to enter in to those fields, they clearly explain each and every thing.
It’s a really good book which gives a lot of information to young graduates , I am sharing that book(you can download in pdf format below) to all the graduates and I hope it will helpful to all jobseekers.      



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The function of AM detector circuit is

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CaptureA) To rectify the input signal

B) To discard the Carrier

C) To provide the audio signal

D) All the above

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The most common modulation system used for telegraphy is

9 comments

CaptureA) FSK

B) PSK

C) PCM

D) AM

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The audio frequency range lies between

3 comments

CaptureA) 20 to 20KHZ

B) 20 to 20,000KHZ

C) 400 to 8KHZ

D) 500 to 5KHZ

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With 100% modulation,ratio of side band power to total power transmitted in an amplitude modulated wave is

4 comments

CaptureA) 2/3

B) 1/3

C) 1/2

D) 1/4

Note: Post your answers with Option name and reason of your answer so that others can able to understand and if you want to receive answers from other candidates, click notify me below the comment form.

 

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SAIL Exam pattern and Syllabus for Diploma ece Operator cum Technician Trainee

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sail syllabus for eceSAIL OCTT recruitment follows several steps of short listing process which comprises written exam, interview and medical examination.After successfully applying for this job everyone will start their preparation for first process i.e written test, here I want to tell model exam pattern and syllabus for OCTT.

Actually there is no particular syllabus for this exam and the syllabus will changing for every year so,there is a lot of confusion in applicants what to study?.Here I had to provide the previous year exam pattern for electronics.

This is not the exact syllabus given by any SAIL Team, this might be change I am just giving idea about the exam pattern and syllabus based on previous year exams.

 

This Test will be conducted for duration of 145 minutes and objective type questions will be asked for 250 marks.

The paper pattern consists of two sections 1. Technical   2. General section

 

1. Technical section: In this they will ask questions from your respective branches,for electronics they will mostly ask from Basic electronics,Analog electronics,Digital electronics,Communication(analog and digital),microprocessor,control systems And there is a chance to ask some questions (may be 2-5 questions) based on electrical subjects too.

 

2. General Sections:

    a. General Awareness

    b. Quantitative Aptitude

    c. General English

    d. Reasoning

 

 

SAIL Operator Cum Technician Preparation Books and Syllabus

 

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SAIL Operator Cum Technician Trainee syllabus and Books for Electronics And electrical

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S.no Book Description Website link
1. sail-steel-authority-of-india-limited-electronics-engineering-400x400-imadjygyzgugzus9

SAIL Operator cum technical book for electronics as per the latest pattern,This book gives some practice paper according to the syllabus which gives some idea about the exam pattern and syllabus.

Tags: sail operator-cum- technician trainee question paper for electronics




Click here to know more about this book and to buy online.

2. sail-steel-authority-of-india-limited-electrical-engineering-400x400-imadjygyghtj7kgb

SAIL Operator cum technical book for electrical as per the latest pattern,This book gives some practice paper according to the syllabus which gives some idea about the exam pattern and syllabus.

Tags: previous year papers for electronics and electrical

 

 

 

Click here to know more about this book and buy online

3. Books for General english and general awareness Best books for english and general awareness books

 Click here to see the books

4. Quantitative aptitude and reasoning best book Quantatitive aptitiude and reasoning is R.S agarwal

Click here to see those books

 

 

SAIL Operator cum technician Exam pattern and Syllabus for Electronics,electrical

 

 

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10 bit A/D converters, the quantization error is given by (in Percent)-HAL 2011

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communication systemsA) 1

B) 2

C) 0.1

D) 0.2

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Which type of signal is represented by discrete values

5 comments
A. Noisy Signal

B. Analog Signal

C. Digital Signal

D. Linear signal

Note: Post your answers with Option and reason also and if you want to receive answers from other candidates click notify me below the comment form.

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Fill your wallet while learning in a college-make money

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making money onlineMaking money while in college is not very common in INDIA as it is abroad and spending money is a natural ability,but earning it while in college is an alien concept and skill that need to be acquired.The commitment of a modern student to always improve his/her standard of living and the hopes of managing with the funding by parents becomes unimaginable.Thus,we are staring at the cruel fate of the need to apply our knowledge and skill to earn money.Now we are ready to cut-short our chatting or gaming hours a bit and spend that time in making money to fill your wallet.

 

when you type “Making money online” in Google search millions of pages will open but we don’t know which we have to trust here I am telling some ideas which I and millions of peoples trusted and filling their wallets while studying.

For those of you with time on your hands and the drive to make an extra buck,freelancing is a great way to fatten your wallet.

Some freelancing jobs:

1. Article Writing : If you have good writing skills this opportunity is good to create an articles. A 300 word article can fetch you as much as Rs. 250.

2.Computer programming : A large number of companies are in need of freelancer programmers for projects with PHP,JAVA,PERL,ASP etc…, they will pay you Rs 4000 –Rs 6000 for an hour work.

3.Graphic designs : Logo designs,T-Shirt design you can earn as much as Rs. 6000

4.Photo editing : If you have good knowledge in Photoshop you can undertake photo editing projects.

5.Photography : If you have a camera and photography is an hobby then you can make money by selling the photos.

6.Proofreading : Here content will provide to you and your job will be to check for errors.

 

Websites proving the freelancer works are: www.freelancer.in , www.fiverr.com , www.rewarder.com .

I will give some more ideas in my future posts you check it here.

 

 

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GATE all India exam preparation tips for ECE and EEE

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CaptureNow a days GATE is becoming more popular Because from the year 2012 onwards Most of the PSU’S recruiting people through GATE score  and students showing interest on higher education like M.Tech/M.S are increasing every year in India. It is  easy to crack GATE exam (I cracked GATE –EC 2012 and am studying in NIT) if you follow these simple steps. I already posted the details about GATE in my previous posts you can check it to know more.

Why GATE exam?

Because GATE exam is important to do M.Tech/M.S  in Top universities like IIT’S,NIT’S ….Not only that its very important to get jobs in PSU’S  like NTPC,BHEL,BEL,HPCL….and also every year BARC is recruiting scientists through GATE score so many peoples have a question that how much score is needed to get all these things??? I will clear this doubt in my future posts,today my topic is how to prepare for GATE.

 

Steps to Crack GATE easily:

1. Syllabus: Collect syllabus from  GATE website or you can download from here.

2. Research on your knowledge: Check the syllabus and know about yourself, i.e how much knowledge depth you have in those subjects because all these subjects you have  already learnt in your graduation and make a list of  subjects you are poor and on which subjects you are good.

3. Check In how many subjects you are poor and good from the list which you have prepared.If you are not clear with basic subjects, its better to join in any good coaching centers or learn subjects online from NPTEL ,MITOCW websites. Now a days some coaching centers offering online classes too so if you have  interest you can check their websites for more information.

4. Previous papers & Making a short Notes: If you have some knowledge in subjects and you want to learn more in depth you can also take classes online from NPTEL and MIT those offering these courses for free and also follow at least two standard text books for each subject. Before studying any subject once check previous GATE papers and note down the areas on which questions are asked. First choose the subject which you are poor, while studying or learning focus more on those areas in which they are asking questions and note down the important points in a separate notes it will useful to refer before the exam.

5.Practice makes Man perfect: After studying one subject you need to practice previous questions of the respective subject from GATE and IES papers you can download these papers online or you buy it from market/online .

Why IES papers,sometimes in GATE exam they give direct one mark questions from these IES papers so you need to practice those papers also to differentiate your gate score from others.Practice more and more problems to crack gate easily.

6. Have a faith in your self: Without self motivation and self believe, no one in this world can achieve anything. Its tough to crack gate if you don’t have any plan or time table.Normally 3 to 4 months of serious study will be sufficient for the preparation so prepare your own time table now.

7.Test series: After completing your preparation take some online test series exams conducted by some institutes(like Gate Forum) that will helpful to know your preparation and also it gives confidence to the final GATE exam.

 

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HAL Management Trainee-MT Syllabus and Exam pattern for ECE and EEE

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Untitled-1HAL(Hindustan Aeronautical Limited) recruit Management Trainees- MT on every year.Here I am going to tell about the Syllabus and exam pattern.The exam is conducted online and the total test duration will be of two and half Hours and they will asked basic questions which we can easily attempt. The Final selection shall be prepared by assigning the weightage of 85% marks for Online Test and 15% marks for Interview.The online Examination paper consists of three parts
Part 1: General awareness (20 MCQ’S) : Indian polity,history,geography,Economy and General Science, General knowledge bits on sports,awards etc..,Current affairs.
Part 2. English and Reasoning(40 MCQ’S): Error correction,articles, parts of speech,Analogy,comprehensive English, Idiom and Phrases,tenses,synonyms and antonyms. Reasoning: check the verbal and non verbal book by R.S.Agarwal.
Part 3.Specialization Engineering (100 MCQ’S):  In this paper they will ask most of the questions from their respective specialization here I am giving expected syllabus/subjects for electronics branch and electrical branch only.

Electronics Engineering: 
1.Analog Circuits: we can expect more problematic questions from OP-AMP,Transistors,Mosfet, Diodes,amplifiers,frequency responses,power amplifiers,555 timer .
2.Digital Circuits: Boolean algebra,K-Map,combinational circuits,sequential circuits, Logic families, A-D/D-A converters,8085 microprocessors.
3.Basics of electronics: Semiconductor devices,. P-N junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-I-n and avalanche photo diode. 
4.Communications: AM,DSB,SSB,FM,PCM,DM,probability of errors,Microwave,Radars,satellite communication basics
5. Network theory: KCL,KVL,Nodal analysis, transients, Superposition, Thevenins, max power theorems,two port networks.
6.Antennas: Plain waves,transmission lines,antenna basics:radiation pattern,dipole antenna,gain equations
7.Control systems: Open and closed loop systems,R-H criteria,compensators,P-I-D controllers,bode plots,gain margin,phase margin calculations.
8.Signals and systems: Fourier transform , laplace transform, z-transform, linearity,causality properties.
9.Mathematics: Residues, Matrices,limits,differential equations
10.Electromagnetics: Electric fields,magnetic fields, wave propagation,transmission lines

Electrical Engineering:
1.Electrical machines 2. power systems 3. control systems 4.electrical and electronics measurements 5.Analog and digital electronics 6. power electronics

I am just giving this syllabus based on previous exams neither of the syllabus is given by any HAL team it may or may not change.





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Ministry of defense IOF chargeman syllabus for electronics

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 iof chargemanMinistry of defense IOF(Indian ordnance factories) chargeman  syllabus for electronics,there is no particular syllabus given by any of recruitment cell of IOF.Here I am giving syllabus based on previous electronics papers and this is not full syllabus but here I am giving idea this not exact one.
Eligibility: Diploma in electronics or any higher qualification at Degree/M.Tech/P.G level are eligible,to know more information check their website: www.ofb.gov.in
Syllabus & Paper pattern: The examination will be of 3 hours duration and selection is fully based on written test and there will be no interview.
SL.no
 Topic
Syllabus
Marks




1.




General awareness& technical aptitude
Indian polity, History,Geography, G.K,Current affairs,General science(biology,physics).
Aptitude: profit&loss,averages,time and distances,problems on ages,clock,percentages, time and work, boats and stream,simple interest,compound interest,number system,areas.
Books:General awareness
Aptitude books RS AGarwal




30 Marks
2.
Computer applications
Basics of computers,MS-office,computer awareness
20 Marks

3.

General Engineering
Basics of physics,chemistry,basics of electronics,and also they will ask questions from basics of electrical,mechanical too(intermediate level)…

30 Marks


 4.


Engineering in respective trades
Analog and Digital electronics,communication systems,micro processors,network theory,EDC,signals(basics),electrical technology...
mostly concentrate on Electronics related subjects, they will ask more questions from those areas.
Books: Objective electronics


120 Marks


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NTPC Diploma trainee syllabus for ECE and EEE

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CaptureThe test will be in two parts. Part-I will be Knowledge Test and will consist of 70 multiple-choice questions of respective discipline.

Part-I:(Technical)

For Electronics: Most of the questions will ask from Electronics and devices,Digital electronics, Microprocessor,Communications,Electronics Instrumentations,Signal and systems,Basics of mathematics,Control systems,Electromagnetic fields.

For Electrical:Power systems,Basics of Electronics ,Electrical Circuits & Analysis ,Electrical Instruments & Measurements,Electrical Machines,Power Electronics,Control systems,basics of mathematics. 

Part-II will be Aptitude Test and will consist of 50 multiple-choice questions on English,quantitative aptitude & Reasoning.

There will be 1/4th mark will be deducted for each wrong / multiple answered question.The Technical syllabus is not given by NTPC company that one expected by us based on previous papers to give an idea to you..

 

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APPGECET Syllabus and previous papers for ece and eee

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CaptureThe main objective of PGECET is to identify at the state level, meritorious and motivated candidates who didn’t qualify in GATE exam for admission to Post Graduate programmes in Engineering and technology. PGCET exam is useful for the students who wants to take admissions in higher education.  Here I am giving syllabus for APPGCET written exam for ECE and EEE.

PGECET examinations consist of each paper of 2 hours duration and carry a maximum of 120 marks.

Electronics & Communication Engineering:

Engineering Mathematics
Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals,Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.

Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent' series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for
differential equations.

Networks: Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Norton's maximum power transfer, Wye-Delta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations; time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks.

Electronic Devices: Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon:
diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers. p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-I-n and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASERs. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process.


Analog Circuits: Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers.Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage, differential and operational, feedback, and power. Frequency response of amplifiers. Simple op-amp circuits. Filters. Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and op-amp configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits, 555 Timers. Power supplies.

Digital circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL,TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders,PROMs and PLAs. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs. Semiconductor memories. Microprocessor (8085): architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing.

Signals and Systems: Definitions and properties of Laplace transform continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform, DFT and FFT, ztransform. Sampling theorem. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay. Signal transmission through LTI systems.

Control Systems: Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation, elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems.

Communications: Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers, bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA and GSM.

Electromagnetics: Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl; Gauss' and Stokes' theorems, Maxwell's equations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cut-off frequencies;dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain.

Electrical Engineering:

Mathematics: Similar to ECE syllabus.

Electric Circuits and Fields: Network graph, KCL, KVL, node and mesh analysis, transient response of dc and ac networks; sinusoidal steady-state analysis, resonance, basic filter concepts; ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin's, Norton's and Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems, two-port networks, three phase circuits; Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions; Ampere's and Biot-Savart's laws; inductance; dielectrics; capacitance.

Signals and Systems: Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals; shifting and scaling operations; linear, time-invariant and causal systems; Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals; sampling theorem; Fourier, Laplace and Z transforms.

Electrical Machines: Single phase transformer - equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three phase transformers - connections, parallel operation; auto-transformer; energy conversion principles; DC machines - types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors; three phase induction motors - principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control; single phase induction motors; synchronous machines -performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications;servo and stepper motors.

Power Systems: Basic power generation concepts; transmission line models and performance; cable
performance, insulation; corona and radio interference; distribution systems; per-unit quantities; bus
impedance and admittance matrices; load flow; voltage control; power factor correction; economic operation;symmetrical components; fault analysis; principles of over-current, differential and distance protection; solid state relays and digital protection; circuit breakers; system stability concepts, swing curves and equal area criterion; HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts.

Control Systems: Principles of feedback; transfer function; block diagrams; steady-state errors; Routh and Niquist techniques; Bode plots; root loci; lag, lead and lead-lag compensation; state space model; state transition matrix, controllability and observability.

Electrical and Electronic Measurements: Bridges and potentiometers; PMMC, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments; measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; instrument transformers; digital voltmeters and multimeters; phase, time and frequency measurement; Q-meters; oscilloscopes; potentiometric recorders; error analysis.

Analog and Digital Electronics: Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET; amplifiers - biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifiers - characteristics and applications; simple active filters; VCOs and timers; combinational and sequential logic circuits; multiplexer; Schmitt trigger; multi-vibrators; sample and hold circuits; A/D and D/A converters; 8-bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and interfacing.

Power Electronics and Drives: Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTs - static characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters - fully controlled and half controlled; principles of choppers and inverters; basis concepts of adjustable speed dc and ac drives.

DOWNLOAD THE SYLLABUS IN PDF FORMAT

PGECET Previous papers

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C language preparation for interview questions and best C books to learn

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C language is the most important subject to get a job,Most of the core/software companies asked C language in both written and interview,Because C is the basic language to learn any language coding. Here I am discussing How to prepare C language and what type of books refer to learn c language easy.

First of all you should learn basics of C from any book of your own interest and practice all example programs given in the book. The best book which I recently learnt is Let us C by Yashavant Kanetkar,which teaches from basics with simple easily understandable language.

After successful completion of  learning basics we should practice the programs in the system compiler to get full confidence on programs, Turbo-C is the basic easy compiler to compile and to check outputs of the program.To practice more in depth C programming example try to get the book exploring C by Yashavant Kanetkar, this book cover only C programs of different types.

Now download previous question papers of the companies either software or hardware,and practice those interview or written questions with different logics so,that its becomes easy to write any C program.

Best C Language Text books To learn:

S.No

Books

Description

Buy online links

1. let us c basics free book Let us C by Yashavant Kanetkar,which cover basic tutorial of c language useful for interviews and placement written exams.and this book contains some questions at the end of the chapter to practice for interview.you can buy it online.

 

C programming book: let us c by kanetkar buy online

2. let us c solution free pdf Let us c solutions by kanetkar,which gives solutions to the exercise questions of the above basic book.
let us c yashwant kanetkar pdf free download.

 

 

Let us C solutions 12th edition

3. exploring c by kalnetkar Exploring C ebook by yashwant kanetkar free pdf download,this book covers programs with example solutions to test your c skills.you can buy this book online with low cost

 

 

Exploring C by kanetkar buy online from flipkart

4. More books For more books for entrance exams you can search here. Search Books

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Two young scientist break down plastics with bacteria from ted

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fc5fbcd3093744b20934fba2622d6c159f16a750_240x180Once it's created, plastic (almost) never dies. While in 12th grade Miranda Wang and Jeanny Yao went in search of a new bacteria to biodegrade plastic -- specifically by breaking down phthalates, a harmful plasticizer. They found an answer surprisingly close to home.

 

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IFFCO recruitment 2013 GET syllabus for ECE(electronics) and EEE(electrical) branches

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iffco syllabusIndian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Limited(IFFCO) is the one of the world's largest fertilizer cooperative federation based in India.Recently they released a notification to recruit engineers for the post of Graduate engineer trainee. Here I am giving expected syllabus according to previous exam which was held on 2010. Actually the Recruitment process consists of 3 rounds, first round is online exam which you can write exam from your home.For second round,they called the candidates who qualified in first round to write second written exam in exam centers and the final round is an interview.

Electronics branch:

Basic electronics and Analog electronics,Digital electronics,Electromagnetic fields,Basics of image processing,Computer organisation, Basics of C programming,Control systems,Network theory,Basic mathematics,electrical and Electronic Instrumentation,signals and systems and basic general questions on science,Aptitude,General awareness.

Electrical branch:

Electrical machines,Power systems,Analog and digital electronics,Electrical and electronic Instrumentation,Control systems,Mathematics,Basics of C language,Computer basics,Network analysis,Power electronics and Basic general questions on science,Aptitude,General awareness.

Note: All the above syllabus is expected based on 2010 written exam,This is not given by any of the IFFCO management.

 

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Vizag steel plant Management trainee syllabus for ECE and EEE

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steel plant mt syllabusRecently vizag steel plant releases a notification for the post of management trainee,here I am giving syllabus for the written exam for the branches electronics and electrical.Written test will comprise of General Awareness, Numerical Ability, General English, Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning and separate paper for each discipline and there is no negative marking in the test.

Aptitude:

Logical reasoning:Deductive Logic,Inductive Logic,Conceptualization,Puzzles,Venn Diagram.

Numericals:Percentages & Averages,Profit,Loss & Discount,Ratio and Proportion,Stocks and Shares
Simple Interest & Compound Interest,Time , work and distance,Permutations & Combinations.

Verbal: Articles,Prepositions,Reading Comprehension,Synonyms

General awareness: GK,Current Affairs,History,polity.

Technical:

Electrical: Analog and Digital Electronics,Control Systems,Electric Circuits and Fields,Electrical and Electronic Measurements,Electrical Machines,Power Electronics and Drives,Power Systems,Signals and Systems.

Electronics: Electronics Analog electronics,Computers and Microprocessors,Control Systems
Digital Electronics,Electrical and Electronic Measurements,Industrial Electronics,Network Theory
Semiconductor Devices.

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Important non technical subjects for ece Must read to get a job

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non technical subjectsHi! Today I am going to tell important subjects that every student must learn in his graduation other than technical subjects to get a job quickly.Now a days most of the students are some what good in technical,even though they are good in technical also they are not success to get a job,Why because most of the companies conduct written exam before conducting interviews,if you are good in only technical wont give success in written exam that means the written exam consists of other than technical questions. So,most of the students was unable to clear this level.Now I will tell you what are those nontechnical subjects.

1. Aptitude and Reasoning:

          Almost every companies in private sector(software or a core company) or a government companies ask 30-40% questions from this areas.This test is useful to test your logical thinking and performance.

2. C language and computer organisation:

          Most of the ECE students don’t like C in their graduation,I am also one of the person who don’t like C language,But its necessary to get a job. Most of the Private sector companies its may be software or core company will ask 20-30% questions in written exams. So,we can’t escape from this subject.The Computer Organisation is one which mainly asked by some government companies like DRDO,ISRO,BARC etc…

3. English :

         I know that you are good in English, Most of the students can speak English well but for the exam point of view they made mistakes, because in exam we need good in vocabulary, sentence corrections,we should know perfect meaning of the words etc.. Most of the government companies ask 10-20% questions from English and all these questions are very easy and mostly these questions are asked in the level of 10th class what we have already learnt.

4. General studies and General knowledge:

        This is the one of the major area to qualify written exam of any government/PSU exam. Mostly they will ask 20-30% questions from this area. One who manage all these subjects parallel to their technical subjects will get success soon.

I will discuss about  how to study all these non technical subjects in my future articles……Bookmark or subscribe your email for further updates

 

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Nielit Chennai 2013 scientist-B exam paper pattern

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nielit 2013 examNational Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT) conducted written exam for the post of scientist-B on Sunday 09-06-2013.Here i am giving a flow chart of exam pattern which consists of both technical and non technical questions based on the syllabus.

nielit previous paper

 

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C-DAC 2013 admissions in PG diploma courses through C-CAT

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cdac admissionsCentre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is a scientific society of the Department of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Government of India, carrying out Research andDevelopment (R&D) in IT, electronics and associated areas.

C-DAC invites application for the admission into different PG courses like VLSI, EMBEDDED SYSTEMS,INTEGRATED VLSI AND EMBEDDED

Courses offered for ece: VLSI Design, Embedded systems, Integrated VLSI and Embedded, Wireless & Mobile Computing AND more..

Qualifications:

  • Graduate in Engineering or equivalent (e.g. BE/ BTech/ 4-year BSc Engg/ AMIE/ AIETE/ DoEACC B Level, etc.) in Electronics/ Electrical/ Computer Science/ IT or related areas             OR
  • Post Graduate in Engineering Sciences (e.g. MCA/ MSc Engg/ MSc (CS, IT, EE, Electronics, Instrumentation, etc.))
  • Candidates who have appeared for the final examination of their qualifying degree in 2013 will also be considered for admission to the above courses.

Application Fee:

The basic application fee for C-CAT would be Rs. 1000/- and thereafter Rs. 100/- for every course opted in the online application. Hence the application fee for one course will be Rs. 1100/-, for two courses Rs. 1200/-, and so on. After filling the online application form, the application fee may be paid online OR in cash through the 'Make Payment' step on the main menu of the online application. No cheque or demand draft (DD) will be accepted towards payment of C-CAT application fees.
Online: The application fee can be paid using both credit and debit cards through the payment gateway provided along with the online application.

Closing of Online Registration & Application: 20 June 2013

How to apply:

Interested candidates can apply online by registering your details.

Apply online

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Planetsigma 2013 vlsi and embedded system Intrenships for ece

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planet sigma intrenshipThe goal of PlanetSigma which is located in hyderabad is to provide principal programs that will prepare Engineers for career entry into design, development, and subject-related fields in a learning-centered environment. As part of PlanetSigma placement department, we train Engineers to the core competencies in their perspective languages along with client interviews, resume preparation, ticket resolving etc.

Specialisation:
1. Embedded systems: Duration: 180 days
Eligibility: B.Tech/B.E([ECE/EEE/EIE], MSc.Electronics
2. VLSI: Duration 6 months
Eligibility: B.Tech/B.E([ECE/EEE/EIE], MSc.Electronics
Certificate of Experience:-
Attending this program, students not only have the chance to learn with us, they will be appreciated with a internship certificate stating the Practical Experience & Real Time Experience for a period of six months tenure.

Registration closed

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Download our browser toolbar to get updates of ECE jobs

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ece jobsFirst of all I want to say thanks to all my Visitors, Recently we develop a browser toolbar which shows Updates of Electronics jobs from my websites,so that there is no need to search for my website every time in some where else,its easy for you to visit my website updates which looks like a

browser tool bar

.I hope that my Website is useful for you if you are an electronics student.

don’t miss any electronics opportunity so,DOWNLOAD This toolbar for free.

Download link: http://ecatn.ourtoolbar.com/exe/

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